Power Authority And Legitimacy.pdf
Closely linked to charismatic. Different groups have a say on different aspects.
DOC) Authority Power and Legitimacy
Leaves the matter largely in the hands of the powerful, who may be able to manufacture rightfulness by public relation campaigns. Authority since then has grown into a catch word in many social sciences especially those related to administration and politics. Look at the way demonstrations are portrayed in the media.
As an overlap therefore a leader i. The aspect of organisational utility is not sort for in the traditional authority but the maintenance of the status quo. Distinguished with authority by power being the ability to do and authority right to do. Advocates strong, monarchical government.
The rationality therefore of both the traditional and charismatic authorities are underscored relative to the legal rational one. This makes both the traditional and charismatic authority less rational forms of authority relative to the legal rational forms of authority.
It is also defines rationality as being based on logic. Traditional monarchs also claimed to be adhering to divine right as the best form of determining the common good.
If authority a type of authority is therefore to be deemed more rational, it must be logical, sensible, uv vis spectroscopy pdf objective and reasonable enough relative to the others. Charismatic authority is often change driven and as argued by Riesebrodt Weber argues that charisma played a strong - if not integral - role in traditional authority systems. Legal rational authority gives authority and constraints as well as accountability to the exercise of the power hence the power has limits.
Gramsci drew attention to the degree to which the class system was upheld not simply by unequal power but also what he called bourgeois hegemony. Conclusion It is clear therefore that the most rational reasonable, logical or objective form of the three types of authority is as argued by weber to be the legal rational authority. Traditional authority is seen as the legitimate power driven from sanctity of traditional norms, values and culture.
Definitions and Nature of Authority. Authority seldom exercised in absence of power. Essential for maintenance of order.
Legitimacy in a dictatorship Weber argues that traditional and charismatic authority can be legitimate if accepted by populace. Owes nothing to status, social position or office, yet can be used to promote the interests of society Rousseau and Law Giver. Charismatic authority however does not have organisational form of consensus as there may be no need of an organisation for charismatic authority to emerge. Can authority exist without power? Operates according to a set of rules.
It can be seen therefore as blind attribution and exercise of authority as it is an authority devoid of power boundaries. Therefore we think life is only better with material goods so bourgeoisie benefit even more. It is therefore seen as a non-formal type of authority driven from personal attribution and neither law nor tradition yet might overlap into these forms. Max weber therefore as noted above identifies three ways in which people gain and exercise authority but argues that one of them, the legal rational type, is the most rational form of authority.
This implies that the ability and right to rule is determined by traditions and culture, authority is often hereditary or inherited. Do not want too much state involvement therefore authority is limited, rational and purposeful leading to preference for legal-rational. Can be seen as de-personalising as there can be a relentless spread of bureaucracy e. Authority, Power and Legitimacy.
Legal-rational based on office and power invested in the office thus need power. Power exercised according to certain rules.
Authority therefore refers to the ability power and right legitimacy to influence and compel action. Its legitimacy is therefore grounded into the institutional structure and the institutional legal framework as well as the fitting of the individual into that structure and legal framework.
Benefits other but there are few limits leading to authoritarianism through charismatic. Authority a form of rightful power. For Rousseau the state is legitimate if it upholds the general will. Arises out of a respect for the rule of law and is evident in the constitutional framework of long-established states.
This form of authority therefore is defined as the right and ability to exercise power as driven from the charismatic influence of the individual or groups of individuals. Traditional authority though having some aspects consensus does not formalise specific enough to ensure that the formal qualifications of office bearers are well taken into account.
Henderson and Talcott Parsons trans. Elite tend to dominate flow of information and media and so use this to their advantage.
Locke challenged Hobbes as he believed a man could not give away more power over himself than he himself has. What then did he mean by rational?
This essay therefore labours at discussing the assertion that legal rational authority is the most rational type of authority amid the three noted types of authority. The legal rational authority is therefore a result of procedural and substantial consensus in its establishment. Ideology operates in interests of the ruling class. How do these concepts relate and apply to society and its institutions?
Power Authority & Legitimacy Theory - Politics Revision
Legitimation crisis created after government intervention and conflict of free-market. Weberian sense of traditional and charismatic forms all exert influence without the need to persuade. Likes of Weber see a belief in legitimacy as important no matter how it is achieved. Remember me on this computer.
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